Posts Tagged ‘acid reflux treatment’
Gastro-esophageal reflux disease, more commonly known as acid reflux, is a stomach dysfunction that involves the leaking of fluids from the stomach to the esophagus. Acid Reflux has many known symptoms. Some of these symptoms include swollen throat glands and pain, heartburn, impeded swallowing and breathing. A few acid reflux sufferers only experience these symptoms after meals or at bedtime. However, there are the unlucky majority who constantly suffer from the aforementioned symptoms. This constant suffering can cause disorders that are more serious. For example, persistent acid reflux sufferers are more susceptible to Barrett’s esophagus and esophageal cancer. To stop acid reflux from escalating from a nuisance to a serious disease, acid reflux sufferers should take medication.
Typical acid reflux medication will regulate the stomach’s gastric acid. Since acid reflux is usually caused by too much pepsin and digestive fluids in the stomach, it is often treated the same as an ulcer or gastritis.
Acid reflux is most commonly treated by antacids. Antacids serve to relieve the symptoms for people with acid reflux. However, there are some drawbacks. Antacids can only work temporarily and will only work on mild cases of acid reflux.
Acid reducers are much more effective than antacids. Acid reducers are often referred to as H2 blockers or H2 receptor antagonists . Acid reducers actually decrease the strength and occurrences of heartburn and acid reflux symptoms. Unlike antacids, which only work for a couple of hours, acid reducers can stave off acid reflux for the whole day. Acid reducers are available in prescription strength and over the counter.
Also, one can take acid reducers for any length of time. Ranitidine is the acid reducer that is most often described. Ranitidine is quite useful in cases of acid reflux that is not complex. In fact, ranitidine can vanquish acid reflux symptoms of most people after a six week course. Cimetidine or Famotidine is prescribed for more serious cases of acid reflux. Ongoing treatment with acid reducers usually reveals mild side effects. Some examples of these side effects include headache, exhaustion, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or constipation. Fortunately, reducing or suspending the acid reducer, as a treatment will cause the symptoms to disappear.
Acid reducers will not work for every person who has acid reflux disease. Acid reducers will not usually work on esophagitis or Garrett’s esophagus. In these cases, proton pump inhibitors are often prescribed. Proton pump inhibitors block the stomach’s gastric acid production temporarily.
Acid Reflux pertains to the food and some gastric juices intend to go back to esophagus from the mouth. From that scenario, it causes inflammation on throat.
To explain further, our digestive system possesses a circular band called the lower esophageal sphincter. It is a muscle that separates the esophagus and the stomach. When the food reaches the stomach, this particular muscle automatically closes to prevent the gastric acid and the partly digested food to go back to the esophagus. However when the lower esophageal sphincter stops to function, all will just go back to the esophagus and eventually reach the mouth for vomiting and spitting.
The contents that came from the stomach the reaches the esophagus will result to inflammation of the esophagus and the throat, that’s why sore throat is one of the common symptoms of Acid Reflux.
Sore throat comes with other symptoms, though some of them are uncommon, like occurrence of pus on tonsil surface, drooling and vomiting. Aside from the, when a person is having sore throat, he or she may experience difficulty in breathing because of the narrowing of the passage of air particularly the pharynx and larynx. This results to the difficulty of circulation of air inside the body.
The pain of sore throat may be lessen and/or even vanish by using some natural remedies and medications that can be done at home. Gargling is an example. Gargling is effective because it soothes the throat. It will be more effective if you will take it with warm water and a little amount of salt mixed on it. Salt is needed because it can help to neutralize the acid that reached the throat. Get more sleep for faster recovery. Ice cream and cold drinks are effective for lessening the sore of the throat. Vaporizers or humidifiers may sooth the pain in the throat. Sucking candy is effective as an alternative remedy because it helps saliva production. It is known that saliva is effective in neutralizing the acid.
If natural and home remedies are not effective enough for your case, there are still available medications prescribed by the doctors. Medicines are usually prescribed to people who experiences severe symptoms like breathing difficulty, dehydration or loss of water inside the body and severe pains. You should take antibiotics if it seems that viral or bacterial organisms already reached your throat. Rheumatic fever is also a symptom that can be prevented when taking medicines. Corticosteroids have an anti-inflammatory effect that soothes the severe pain of a sore throat.
One remedy is the usage of gravity by having an upright position most of the time because it prevents the gastric acid and the food to go back the esophagus. This can help prevent vomiting and spitting.
Eating habits should be on the right track. This can prevent Acid Reflux. It is recommended to eat earlier with small amount of food to digest it easily. With this, when asleep, digestion of food will not be a problem because it was already digested before going to bed. Learn about the Acid reflux diet and how does natural acid reflux treatments work.
There are also drugs that help to neutralize the acid ion the stomach and esophagus that can prevent sore throat resulted from Acid Reflux.
Through a process of normal digestion, partly digested food travels from the stomach towards the small intestines. But then, some individuals tend to experience the other way. Food from the stomach goes back up to the esophagus. This disorder is what we refer to as acid reflux.
Among the known symptoms of acid reflux are troubles in swallowing food, regurgitation, heartburn, asthma, dental erosion, chest pain, dyspepsia, hoarseness, vomiting, etcetera.
If left untreated, a person with acid reflux can suffer for months. Drug treatment, however, is an important part of treating the condition.
Among the medications commonly used are:
Antacids. The use of these is to balance out or at most times decrease the acid level in your digestive tract. This is used to relieve mild heartburns and indigestions. Antacids, which are commonly made of calcium, aluminum and magnesium, also shield the stomach lining by inducing mucous and bicarbonate secretion. These are probably the cheapest and most accessible cure for acid reflex. They are too the basic medications that are prescribed by doctors to relieve acid reflux symptoms.
Histamine Blockers. Histamine blockers or anti-histamines are known to have acid suppressing properties which are important in preventing acid reflex. Histamine, on the other hand, is a bodily substance that stimulates stomach acid secretion. Like antacids, anti-histamines can also be acquired without doctor’s prescription. However, one would have to wait 30 minutes to one and a half hour for the much awaited relief. But the good thing about anti-histamine is that it provides relief much longer than antacids which can extend from 6 to 24 hours. Extreme cases of acid reflux might require one to have two dosages daily. Some studies show that anti-histamine also relieves symptoms of asthma.
In 2001 though, research was conducted where it was found out that histamine blockers rarely relieve heartburn and dyspepsia indications.
Proton Pump Inhibitors. Like the previous two, proton pump inhibitors also lessen stomach acid secretion by targeting the stomach lining cells which are responsible for acid production. But then, studies have found that proton pump inhibitors use has some side effects. Among these are headache, allergies and itching, nausea and diarrhea.
Drugs which protect the gastrointestinal lining are also administered to acid reflux patients. Mucus lining protectors are attached to the ulcer crater and serves as a screen from damages which digestive juices might impose. However, drugs of this kind should be taken in moderation as it is known to have side effects such as constipation and other digestive problems.
Anti-spasm drugs, as well, are useful for providing relief for both acid and non-acid reflux. Gamma-amino acid butyric acid agonist is a kind of anti-spasm drug used to lessen the occurrence of spasms. Another good thing about anti-spasm medications is that it also heightens esophageal sphincter pressure, thus decreasing the possibility of food from going back up to the esophagus.
Acid reflux doesn’t just occur out of nowhere. It has causes, and one of which is poor eating habits. Studies show that people of all age groups, even babies and children can develop the said condition. In fact, children and infants are more likely to acquire acid reflux; however, most of them outgrow it. Gastro-esophageal reflux or simply acid reflux also happens to adults. This is easily acquired by people who are fond of eating heavy meals and foods with high acid content as well as those who had previously suffered from the condition. Yes, recurrence of acid reflux, even after treatment and recovery, is possible each time one goes back to poor eating habits.
Poor mealtime schedules, unbalanced diet, are among the major causes of acid reflux. When one takes in too much food at a single meal, the stomach lining is forced to secrete too much acid to digest the food, which in turn might cause abnormalities in digestive processes. One abnormality which is distinct to acid reflux is the travelling back of food from the stomach to the throat. Though the condition can be easily acquired, a lot of those who suffer from it rarely take it seriously because of the fact that its causes and symptoms cannot be explained.
People who suffer from mild acid reflux undergo medication and devise a well-planned diet to avoid symptom recurrence. However, those with severe acid reflux find it a must to go through surgeries. Various surgical procedures are offered to cure acid reflux. Among the safest and most effective ones is Intraluminal Endoscopic surgery and Laparoscopic anti-reflex surgery or Laparoscopic Nissen Fundoplication.
Fundoplication or medically called Laparoscopic Nissen Fundoplication is probably the most popular type of surgical procedure for acid reflux. The procedure is done by constricting esophageal walls and amplifying pressure to its muscles. Increased pressure will stop the food from the stomach to travel upwards to the throat. A different is to have the valve of the esophagus constricted thus sort of closing down the esophagus to avoid gastric juices to creep through it.
Another surgical procedure that most acid reflux patients undergo is the intraluminal endoscopy which is somewhat similar with fundoplication. The only difference is that in intraluminal endoscopy, a tiny optical tool called the endoscope is inserted inside the body to view the internal organs which aids in the surgical procedure. The good thing about this type of procedure is that it is quick and precised thus employing little risks to those who go through it. After the procedure, the patient is suggested, though not required to go through a post-operation treatment to help the person recover quickly.
Breakthroughs in medical technology make it possible for various conditions such as acid reflux to be treated. It widens the options for acid reflux patients as they can now choose to undergo medication, merely follow a strict meal plan or go through surgical procedures, whichever they found to be appropriate. However, surgery is highly suggested who have persistent acid reflux and for those who want to permanently be freed of the condition.
Normally, when we eat, the food we intake will automatically proceed to the intestines for further digestion. But, with the people with Acid Reflux, the food will go back to the esophagus with the gastric acid which results in the inflammation of the throat and the esophagus. This is also accompanied by severe pain on the torso and abdomen because of the gastric acid. Vomiting, dyspepsia and regurgitation may occur. Also some respiratory-related indicators are considered.
GERD is an example of chronic health condition. Once it is in the body, it will continually to be there and will remain until the right cure is implemented. Because sometimes symptoms occur repeatedly, medication should be also done recurrently.
Gastric acid that goes back to the esophagus is actually normal. But when excessive gastric acid accompanied by the food approaches the esophagus, stays there for a long time and eventually hurts you much because there is already an inflammation, you likely have Acid Reflux Disease.
Our body has its own built-in mechanisms to prevent these abnormalities. A very good example is our salivary glands. Salivary glands are located on our tongue. It releases saliva which contains bicarbonates that helps to break down the food we in take. When we swallow, the food with saliva on it will go down the esophagus and will continually digest the food.
Bicarbonates have also the ability to neutralize the gastric acid in our stomach. Studies show that occurrence of the disease is very minimal when it is in daytime. It is because at this time, we are awake, the metabolisms are working, and we are usually in upright position and continually burn the fat. Unlike when it is at night time, we slow down and when we sleep, burning the food stops.
The usage of saliva, swallowing and gravity can only occur when the person is on an upright position. That’s why it is advisable that when the night is approaching, only eat small amount of food and as much as possible, eat earlier to give our body some time to digest what we eaten. Sleeping immediately after meals would tend to make the food stay longer in stomach and also in esophagus that will damage its walls.
Acid Reflux is more prone to pregnant and obese people. Increased hormones on pregnant women and high levels of fat on obese causes more pressure on the abdominal section. This pressure pushes the food and the gastric acid up to the esophagus. On pregnant women, there is more pressure on their abdomen because of the developing fetus in their womb.
The easiest cure for this disease is the proper positioning of pillows. It is considered easy because almost all the people have their own pillows at home. This cure was one by elevating the head and the torso when sleeping. Elevate the head and torso as much as 6-8 inches. This position effectively prevents the gastric acid from reaching the esophagus. With these simple positioning, mild relief will occur eventually.
Many are not aware that Acid Reflux can also happen to children. Acid Reflux or Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) is an occurrence that the food we ate will eventually go back from the stomach to the esophagus.
Cathy is an example. She noticed that her 11 year-old-child is coughing periodically, day time and night time. She consulted the doctor. The doctor’s diagnosis is that the child is suffering on an allergy that’s why the child is experiencing short dry coughs. But after some tests, it was found that it was not an allergy. Cathy suspected that his son’s asthma is related to Acid Reflux.
Medical tests and experiments have found that Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) which is a disease that pushes the gastric juice and the food that was eaten back to the esophagus which eventually reaches the throat not only happens on adults but also on children. This disease can be hardly noticed on children.
Because a baby’s digestive system is not yet fully developed, symptoms of GERD are sometimes seen. This occurrence should stop when the baby reaches one. On some children, coughing and being sick are normal signs of growing up. But sometimes, it is also a sign that the child is already suffering from Acid Reflux.
If the baby seems like finding it hard to eat and swallow and showing noticeable weight-loss, maybe the baby is already experiencing GERD.
There are some tips to prevent an infant to suffer on this disease. Always remember that when feeding them, make sure that the baby is in an upright position so that the milk he/she is drinking will not go back to his/her esophagus. Another one is that after feeding the child, don’t lie him/her down immediately. Let the baby to be in an upright position for about half an hour. Also, help the baby to burp after and while feeding so that the air on his/her stomach will go out.
For children age 3 and up, don’t let them always intake carbonated drinks, coffee and tea. Carbonated drinks contains carbon dioxide which when reached the stomach, the child may experience stomachache. It also adds pressure inside the stomach that pushes up back to the esophagus. This could lead to Acid Reflux. They should also avoid foods with high acid content like citrus fruits. Fatty and fried foods are also big no’s on children. Chocolates and spicy foods also trigger GERD. By ignoring these foods, risk of having GERD will be lessened. After their meals, don’t let them bend because it also increases the pressure inside the stomach.
Like on the case of adults, children should also undergo proper and healthy diet. Small amount of meals on several times a day is a big help. Also, raising the head on the bed using a pillow for about 30 degrees will lessen the risk.
Prevacid, proton inhibitors and H2 blocking agents are medicines that are usually taken by patients with Acid Reflux. These can be bought on drug stores. These medications are mostly effective.
In extreme cases, medicines just won’t work. The doctor will then recommend undergoing a surgery. If still this option didn’t work, there’s the Esophageal Reflux Surgery. This surgery is done repeatedly as the child gets older.
When the child is showing signs of difficulty in breathing, vomiting yellowish or greenish materials with streak of blood which looks like coffee grounds, it is strongly recommended to send your child to a doctor for immediate medical attention.
This disease shouldn’t be ignored. When not treated immediately, the disease will be more painful and worse, create other complications.
It is definitely impossible for us not to eat. Food is a basic need that all of us should continue consuming to be able to keep up and carry on with our daily whereabouts.
Truly, the digestive system plays a huge role when it comes to food intake, as it converts food into energy and nutrients which is important to us. Gastric juices secreted by the system helps churn it and converting it into a usable form.
Esophagus is food’s gateway towards the stomach as we all know it. Unfortunately, this important part of the digestive system is left unprotected, making it extra-sensitive when gastric acids seeps through it. In fact, stomach acids burn the walls of the esophagus, the reason why people who has acid reflux typically feels a burning sensation when the condition recurs.
Heartburn is probably the most common symptom that acid reflux patients feel. One with the said condition should never neglect it, as it might lead to more chronic conditions. Another symptom that one might feel and an indication that the condition is getting worse is regurgitation, where the food one takes in goes back up to your mouth. As acid reflux worsen, chest pains will even get worse, making you develop asthma, makes it difficult for you to swallow the food, and as acid seeps back to the mouth, dental corrosion will also be experienced.
Fortunately, acid reflux is curable, and its possibility of being cured as well as the treatments one should take depends on how severe it is. The treatment basically revolves around giving attention to the LES or lower esophageal sphincter, a tiny valve between the stomach and esophagus. Malfunction of this valve causes acid reflux where the level of stomach acids climbing up the esophagus cannot be controlled by it.
Possible treatments for acid reflux may be through medication or surgery. The goal of these is to permanently eradicate acid reflux from an individual’s system.
The basic cure for acid reflux is probably taking antacids. And since it does not require doctor’s prescription to get one, most people resort to this type of medication which can be done by taking either liquid or tablet antacid 30 minutes to an hour after mealtime.
Some antacids, usually those in tablets sort of create a shield on one’s stomach lining, thus, preventing digestive juices to seep through it. However, if you opt to take chewable antacids, make sure to chew it well to maximize its effect.
A number of treatments pay attention in increasing the strength of the muscles of the lower esophagus which in turn controls the amount of acid that rises through the throat. One important thing to remember about this kind of medication is to avoid self-prescription.
Majority of the medical professionals suggest a well-planned diet such as an acid reflux diet, which may include omitting and inserting certain types of foods into one’s meal plan. This may appear hard to those who had no restrictions on their food intake but if you are eager to get through the ailment, then better follow your doctor’s advice.
Do not neglect your condition and wait until the only remedy left is going through a surgical procedure. So the sooner you pay attention to your condition, the better the chances and the easier it will be cured.
If you think you got acid reflux, talk to your doctor right away. Also, researching about the condition helps, so you would know what the things you ought to do and those that you should avoid doing. Seeking professional help will also give you the right analysis as well as the proper cure.